Use of IF/THEN/ELSE/END-IF in cobol Using SORT and MERGE in cobol, Difference between ... Thus, if a program moves a numeric quantity to a smaller numeric item, it can lose high-order digits. EXIT. The compiler relies on the number of digits implied by the pictures of decimal and integer operands.
If the statement contains both ROUNDED and SIZE ERROR phrases, the result is rounded before a size error check is made. SUBTRACT TEMP FROM D, GIVING D. 3. What is PICTURE Clause in cobol VALUE Clause in cobol SIGN Clause in COBOL Refreshing Basics SYNC Clause and Slack Bytes What is REDEFINES in cobol What is RENAMES clause in The default is /ARITHMETIC=NATIVE ( -arithmetic native ).
Statement: ADD A,B,C,D, TO E,F,G,H. Table 2-4 ROUNDING PICTURE clause Initial Value 03 ITEMA PIC S9(5)V9999. 12345.2222 03 ITEMB PIC S9(5)V99. 54321.11 03 ITEMC PIC S9999. 1234 03 ITEMD PIC S9999P. Here it assumes that XD has 31 digits and YD has 31 digits. The default is /MATH_INTERMEDIATE=FLOAT (or -math_intermediate float ).
Submission of Job from COBOL Program Variable name and Qualifier in cobol what is FILLER in cobol? The receiving item can also have the ROUNDED phrase. You can use the ROUNDED phrase with any HP COBOL arithmetic statement. You can prevent this problem by interspersing divisions with multiplications or by dropping nonsignificant digits after multiplying large numbers or numbers with many decimal places.
MULTIPLY XD BY YD GIVING ZD ON SIZE ERROR DISPLAY "Size error raised" NOT ON SIZE ERROR DISPLAY ZD WITH CONVERSION. More desirable value is 40.5 in this case. This data type affects the truncation of the intermediate result and the consequent precision. see it here About Us MAINFRAMESTECHHELP is a mainframe community and created to provide the help for all mainframes related technical needs for the people who are all in need.
In COMPUTE statement, we need to use following operators to do arthemetic. Only those receiving items for which a size error condition is raised are left unaltered. When standard arithmetic is used, or when the same statement includes an ON SIZE ERROR phrase, receiving items for which the size error exists are left unaltered; the result is stored For example, if the absolute value of the result is 100.05, and the PICTURE character-string of the resultant identifier is 99V99, the SIZE ERROR phrase detects that the high-order digit, 1,
ADD TEMP, C, GIVING TEMP. You can specify the arithmetic mode and submode with the two COBOL command-line qualifiers /ARITHMETIC (or -arithmetic ) and /MATH_INTERMEDIATE (or -math_intermediate ). When the execution of a statement with no ON SIZE ERROR phrase results in a size error, and native arithmetic is used, the values of all resultant identifiers are undefined. IMS DB Tutorial CICS Tutorial IDCAMS Tutorial Contact Us [email protected] Facebook Twitter Googleplus Youtube © Copyright 2014.
The ON SIZE ERROR imperative statement is executed after all the receiving items are processed. A size error can occurs in the following ways. - When receiving field is not large enough to accommodate the result. - When division by zero occurs If ON SIZE ERROR This can be done using the OUTPUT command of TSO. The phrase acts exactly like a MOVE statement in which the intermediate result serves as the sending item, and the data item following the word GIVING serves as the receiving item.
Forgetting that when an arithmetic statement has multiple receiving items you must specify the ROUNDED phrase for each receiving item you want rounded. If any questions on the above, post your queries on Cobol Discussion forum COBOL Call Statement COBOL Display Statement Advertisements More.. DATA DIVISION. The ON SIZE ERROR imperative statement is executed after all the receiving items are processed.
As in all HP COBOL statements, the commas in these statements are optional. 2.7.8 Common Errors in Arithmetic Statements Programmers most commonly make the following errors when using arithmetic statements: Using ADD TEMP, G, GIVING G. Also, avoid use of the COMPUTE statement to keep from performing such calculations implicitly.
EVALUATE STD-MARKS WHEN 60 THRU 100 DISPLAY 'STUDENT GOT FIRST CLASS ' WHEN 50 THRU 59 DISPLAY 'STUDENT GOT SECOND CLASS ' WHEN 35 THRU 49 DISPLAY 'STUDENT GOT THIRD CLASS Table 2-4 shows several ROUNDING examples. To Find Total Processed Records in a File - Search for BTCHRSRT in job's dump How To Get Mainframe IP Address - Tso Command tso netstat home Translate Regular Visitors Easy END-COMPUTE will not be required when COMPUTE statement ended with period.
COMP Binary representation of data item. On Alpha systems, the maximum temporary work item size is 31 digits for standard arithmetic and for native CIT4 arithmetic, and is 38 digits for some operations using native float or The request cannot be fulfilled by the server The request cannot be fulfilled by the server RAMESH KRISHNA REDDY Online Tutorials |PREV |TOP |NEXT DRONA SERIES COBOL STUDY The intermediate result of that operation becomes a single operand to be added to or subtracted from the receiving item.
MOVE AMOUNT-A TO AMOUNT-B. ADD TEMP, D, GIVING TEMP. PIC ... Using the OPTIONS Paragraph (Alpha) An alternative way to specify native or standard arithmetic is to use the OPTIONS paragraph in the Identification Division of your Compaq COBOL program.
If there are multiple operands in either of these statements, the operands are added together. Such an operation would cause an overflow, raising the size error condition. It is a good practice to use ON SIZE ERROR to catch such errors. Intermediate values are truncated to the most significant 32 decimal digits, with a 2-digit exponent.
Subtracting a 1 from a numeric counter that was described as an unsigned quantity and then testing for a value less than zero. For example, consider the following move of an item to a smaller item: 01 AMOUNT-A PIC S9(8)V99. 01 AMOUNT-B PIC S9(4)V99. . . . If the result of the COMPUTE statement exceeds the length of the target data item fractional places, those will not be rounded until or unless the ROUNDED option specifies. Arithmetic expressions in nonarithmetic statements are also affected.
The MOVE statement allows data movement between alphanumeric items and certain numeric items, but arithmetic statements require that all items be numeric. JCL Statements Abnormal End (ABEND) & ERROR JOB Statement Syntax JOBNAME in JCL ACCOUNTING INFO (Mandatory.